Jane Eyre is a classical novel written by Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855) that has been originally published in 1847. “Jane Eyre” is magnificent thing, imbued with a guanine passion. Most readers happen to get acquainted with the works of prominent English writers the Brontes: three sisters Charlotte, Emily, and Anne for the first time by reading with this particular novel. The book used to be considered as a romantic novel interesting exceptionally for women and even these days such an assessment exists especially against the background of the rest classic works. However despite the love story being one of the central ideas this novel is mainly about the personality development and search for an own walk of life and happiness regardless any obstacles.
Jane Eyre, a 10-years-old little girl lost her parents and was forced to live with her aunt’s family where no one is good to her: her aunt, Mrs. Reed is unfairly brutal and her children treat little Jane as a rubbish; they deride and even abuse her physically after Mr. Reed’s death. Charlotte Bronte describes everything so realistic that you start to compassionate the girl and empathize her from the very first lines. The most powerful descriptions concern the hardships little children go through at Lowood School for orphan girls, where Jane has been sent by Mrs. Reed. Probably these scenes make such a strong, unforgettable impression because the author experienced those bitter hardships herself. “Clergy Daughters”, a care home in Cowan Bridge where Charlotte lived with her sisters served as a prototype of Lowood School. Due to appalling conditions there two sisters: Maria and Elizabeth got sick with tuberculosis and died in 1825. Author’s father, Patrick Bronte took Emily and Charlotte away from “Clergy Daughters” institution immediately. One can only imagine how this tragical loss influenced the writer!
Despite the realism of “Jane Eyre” you can clearly see echoes of romanticism, kind of dark and Byronic: Gothic Thornfield with its nocturnal mysteries, sentimental scenes, and the very image of Mr. Rochester, beaten by life and frustrated, but full with the inexpressible obscure charm. For the Victorian age this novel became a true provocation: Jane Eyre turns into a confident young woman, who can make a declaration of love and proves her dear Mr. Rochester she wants to be equal in love with men. This book was precursor of feminism. (Note that until the end of the XIX century married woman for example didn’t have any legal rights.) Another interesting aspect is utter disrespect of churchmen: Mr. Brocklehurst is a sadist who used a piety as a shell for heartlessness; St. John is religious bigot, self-obsessed and arrogant, who claims that if Jane Eyre rejects his proposal she’ll reject God. All of a sudden for an Anglican clergyman’s daughter!
Jane Eyre is portrayed as a courageous and high spirited young woman, who hasn’t been broken down by any misfortunes and who never gave up and always hoped for the best. She deserves admiration. Absorbedly watching the inner world beauty of sweet Jane you are time after time astonished at her tenacity and delicacy, modesty and determination, mildness and strength. You understand that firmness is what exactly matters. Young woman is sure: “Moral exists just for such cases when mind goes blank and heart starts to own a situation”. Who would have had enough courage to leave a loved one in order not to lose yourself, not to lose self-respect, being afraid … afraid not for yourself, but for him; to leave overcoming all fears? How easy it was to give in to temptation, but she remained true to herself even begging from door to door!
Charlotte Bronte describes her characters’ feelings and ambivalence amazingly bright, in minute details presenting their tempers and the slightest flashes of emotions. Talented novelist conveys that not only by means of dialogues but by perfectly thought out descriptions of body language, moves, surrounding atmosphere and circumstances, which help to understand the heroes better. How smart and elegantly denounced the authoress inutility of the veneer! How intelligently she satirizes human vices! Terrific language, remarkably portrayed memorable characters, lots of exciting and advanced (for that time) ideas made this story one of the most significant in Victorian literature and brought Charlotte Bronte world-wide acknowledgment.
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